We learned that concrete form of meme quiddities was indeed on the higher cohesiveness and you will uniqueness out-of general attributes

We learned that concrete form of meme quiddities was indeed on the higher cohesiveness and you will uniqueness out-of general attributes

Tangible quiddities are regarding the natural and you can book families: Our very own last looking for means the hyperlink between all of the facets together with her. Abstract quiddities, at the same time, eg those people constructed on catch phrases, had a tendency to have more varied universal functions. To put it differently, i found that the new concreteness of your number 1 quiddity does connect with new cohesiveness and you will uniqueness of simple functions.

Restrictions and you may Coming Research

A major methodological caveat of your own current studies is that it is based nearly exclusively on the decimal analysis. Future knowledge you will definitely profit from looking at the new means off cohesiveness and you will uniqueness playing with qualitative methods, if at all possible incorporating interview that have posts creators and you can disseminators. Some other related element you to merits next mining is the fuel formations underpinning the synthesis of meme communities: While we looked at quiddities and you can society qualities once the binding forces from memes, you will find perhaps not checked out the fresh character that particular actors enjoy for the creating such formations. As the, due to the fact ideal of the Karine Nahon’s (2008) work with “network gatekeepers,” professionals within the suggestions flows don’t possess equivalent influence on these procedure, examining the part regarding powerful some one and groups inside meme creation is generally instance fruitful. In the end, while you are our very own investigation worried about internet memes inside the English because of its all over the world salience, upcoming lookup will want to look at the get across-social variations in the building of the memetic world.

In spite of such constraints, our very own studies contributes to the newest fledging human body of knowledge on the internet memes because of the broadening the definition, extent away from interrogation, and methods of studies. All of our abstract and you will empirical data contributed to the fresh new identity regarding a few groups of dualities, otherwise stress, underpinning memes: ranging from certain quiddities and you can general qualities, and you can between individualism (or individuality) and communality (otherwise mainstream). We plus exhibited, for the first time, how these types of tensions is shown on formations regarding meme networking sites. For this reason, that it paper reveals the latest electric regarding community data to possess pinpointing habits regarding the fundamentally chaotic universe away from memes. We hope one by provided such abstract differentiations and modes of studies, coming knowledge continues to grow our very own experience with so it ever-expanding occupation.


I thank the Israel Foundations Trustees (ITF) to possess help this study. We would in addition to wish communicate our appreciation and you can admiration to help you the brand new JCMC’s writers also to three anonymous writers. Its comprehensive reading and you can insightful statements, especially in conceptualizing the concept together with distinction between quiddity and you can simple features, helped us to help the manuscript significantly.


Elad Segev is actually an elderly Lecturer away from Mass media and you may Communication at this new Service off Communications, Tel Aviv College. The guy posts training to the online mining, community research, international information, Americanization and globalization, social assortment, electronic split, search engines and appear procedures, and you may the latest software and you can strategies from inside the social and you will communication lookup. [e-mail:

Asaf Nissenbaum try a beneficial PhD college student at Company out of Communications, New Hebrew University away from Jerusalem. His lookup passions is the new media, electronic community, internet sites memes, web-dependent organizations and you may web-dependent title. [e-mail:

Nathan Stolero are a good PhD pupil during the Agency off Interaction, Tel Aviv College or university. Their browse passions tend to be pointers-seeking and searching choices within the this new media ecosystem, online news use and you may manufacturing, digital separate together with generation gap, while the usage of teens of digital tools. [e-mail:

Limor Shifman is actually a part Teacher at Agencies off Correspondence, This new Hebrew University out of Jerusalem. The lady fundamental research interests try prominent people, the latest news, new social design from jokes, and you may web sites memes. [e-mail:

Whereas the term meme was designed age through to the electronic time, in recent years it has been restored by online users, just who put it to use to explain the social factors they create and you can flow mundanely. Answering new grassroots memetic propagation of the term, a growing system regarding academic knowledge enjoys intended for distinguishing the latest attributes and cultural implications off internet memes (e.grams., Burgess, 2008 ; Knobel & Lankshear, 2007 ; Milner, 2012 ; Miltner, 2014 ). Any of these research has along with troubled the need to render a description certain to internet memes, looking at the fresh technological and you may cultural affordances associated with the medium. Within this analysis we accept Shifman’s Geek Sites dating sites ( 2013 ) insight you to definitely such as for instance a meaning is incorporate a change regarding singular in order to plural: As opposed to portraying the meme since the an individual cultural device that has propagated well, Internet sites memes might be recognized as groups of posts systems, otherwise given that demonstrated here, since family members. So it shift derives on the fresh new ways memes is proficient in brand new digital many years. If the in past times everyone was confronted by you to definitely meme adaptation at the confirmed day (as an example, read bull crap and soon after read other particular they), today some body sense memes since boundless sets of interconnected circumstances. What people was much more met with was memetic variation: While the electronic networks allow effortless development and control away from blogs (Jenkins, 2006 ; Kuipers, 2002 ), and because the newest lion’s express of those factors takes place in social places, people profitable meme can use multiple apparent systems (otherwise family relations).

This type of examples ples, because prolific meme people contains individuals and you will opposing method of currently talking about memes. Films and photo is actually commonly changed otherwise mimicked as an element of a captivating remix community (Burgess, 2008 ; Milner 2013a , 2013b ): this might is, for-instance, recreating the new landscapes (come across “Get off Britney Alone”), or planting a characteristics in almost any setup (pick “Pepper Squirt Cop”). However, whenever each other text and you can picture exists, it’s always new textual issues which might be altered anywhere between iterations. Put differently, even if species are present regardless, visual quiddities tend to be more immutable and you may real when you are textual quiddities were changeable. Strengthening about this difference in spoken and you can graphic quiddities, we need to focus on a bigger distinction anywhere between conceptual and concrete quiddities. Since previous means intangible info and texts, the second integrate concrete question things. Because in depth lower than, i believe that this distinction get establish fruitful having knowing the formations off meme family members.

Since showed inside the Shape 1, area of the intent behind this study would be to pick the relationship between five concepts: quiddity, common characteristics, cohesiveness, and you will uniqueness. I implement community analysis to comprehend the structural models of memetic areas in the three membership: Personal era, meme family members, therefore the entire memetic network. Of the definition, for each meme family relations offers you to otherwise numerous quiddities in common. Their general attributes, yet not, is actually negotiated in the family relations level, within individual for example height as well as the entire memetic community peak. Uniqueness and you can cohesiveness are each other conveyed into the family relations, yet get in touch with some other levels: Cohesiveness is the local ties among instances of an equivalent meme family relations; uniqueness, at the same time, refers to the distance of a good meme household members into entire memetic network. Exploring new interplay between these items, we feel, will end in a much better understanding of brand new memetic areas.

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